The best-known white Riesling with the name Riesling is a white grape native to the valleys of the Rhine (Germany) where it was already cultivated in Roman times. Some authors trace its name from the "reissende tiere" or wild animal, because of its vaguely musky aroma. The Riesling grape is the most important German and it is for Germany what Chardonnay is for France. Grape introduced in Italy in the nineteenth century, from the Rhine Valley, or rather from the Moselle where it was mentioned for the first time in 1435. Although the name might suggest a similarity, it has nothing to do with Riesling Italico. In Italy it is cultivated mainly in Trentino-Alto Adige, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Veneto and Oltrepò Pavese. It has medium leaf, basically round, trefoil - small cluster, cylindrical-pyramidal, winged, compact - small grape, spheroidal with golden yellow skin with brown dots and slightly aromatic flavor. The maturation is medium-early and has high vigor. A grape with these features has a high surface area of the skin exposed to atmospheric agents. This makes the Riesling particularly suited to develop gray mold, botrytis cinerea, which, if the weather is kind, characterized by good temperature excursions, morning dews and high wind that brings a good air around bunches of ' grapes, selectively attacks and develops inside the grain rovocando a natural concentration of sugars in grapes during the final stage of maturation.The extraordinary concentration of sugars and improved relationship sugar/acid results in excellent wines with peculiar qualities. With these modes and different grape varieties, are created in France the Sauternes wines in France, and the Tokaj wines in Hungary. From Riesling grapes vinified in the traditional way, a pleasant dry aromatic wine with a distinctive aroma, balanced, with light hints of muscat. As often happens with wines with rich bouquet of aromas, the Riesling is intoxicating to smell, but once in the mouth, its taste is clean, delicate and elegant, characterized by a good balance acidity / alcohol. At the end of swallowing, the aftertaste phase of tasting makes it possible to "enjoy" its characteristic bouquet of aromas.
Synonyms: riesling white, riesling yellow, big riesling, riesling in Italy; gewürztraube, Rheinriesling, rieslinger in Germany.