This grape is the founder of the noble family of pinot, whose name probably derives from the characteristic shape of a cone of ripe bunch. The origins are French and very old, but this variety is the son of the Roman colonization of the Rhone Valley, from the days when the troops carried with them the branches of the vines to create the new environment conditions left at home. Vine Gallo-Roman, the Pinot Noir has its best habitat in high latitudes. Within this range there are two types: the first is more productive and similar to that grown in Champagne, suitable for the production of white or sparkling wines, both alone and in blends with other varieties or cuts with white wines, the second is similar to that grown in Burgundy, more suitable to the development of red wines. Today it is a popular grape in many Italian regions, especially in the Oltrepò Pavese, in Trentino-Alto Adige and in the province of Piacenza. It shows a cin medium-small leaf, round, three-lobed, dark green upper page, bullous and opaque; small cluster, cylindrical, often winged, a little compact; medium berry, spheroidal or slightly oval, with waxy skin, thick, firm and black-purple color. It ripens in mid-September.
Synonyms: auvernat, Blauburgunder, Blauer Spätburgunder, black burgundy, cortaillod, franc peneau, Klevner, moirien, morillon noir, Pineau, plant doré, Savagnin noir, vert doré.