Pinot grigio
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Pinot grigio

Grape variety Pinot gris is a direct descendant of the black, obtained thanks to a particular genetic mutation gem. It belongs to the group of varieties so-called "international", of French origin, and widely cultivated worldwide. Italian production began in the vineyards located in the province of Como, then expanding nationwide, where it was widely cultivated, with productions of masses of great importance, especially in Trentino and the Veneto, but also in Friuli and Alto Adige and for many years he was one of the wines most "fashionable" of the italian production. This development led from one side to the massive reduction of red varieties and the other to a remarkable qualitative leap (parallel to that of sales) and has often resulted the abandonment of species more suited geographically. Its color is copper, it is often vinified in white but if vinified in contact with the skins takes the natural color slightly orange; it  is theoretically less "precious" of its white or black variant. Recently, especially in Collio, it is also produced with a slight maceration of the grapes, giving very pleasant results and fruity, perfumed and with good structure wines. In particular has increased acidity in Trentino and South Tyrol (and thus lends itself to longer maturity), it is very rich in the Collio and Colli Orientali del Friuli and gave good results also in Tuscany. It is  also diffused  in other European countries; in Alsace is fermented in contact with the skins until it assumed its distinctive copper color and is known as Pinot Gris (formerly Tokay Pinot Gris or Tokay d'Alsace), wine known internationally and of great quality. Same vertices reached in Germany (where it is called Ruländer), in Valais (where it is called Malvoisie) and Hungary (where it is known as Szürkebarát). Just like the other varieties of pinot, even the gray one is a grape variety of very complex conditions that require special attention in both the cultivation and production. It needs stability in the habitat in which it is placed, preferring very cold climates and soils compatible. The aroma of this variety of wine and its taste is different depending on the area of production. In cases of Pinot Gris made from grapes grown in places with constant climate and cold, it will find a great body and structure, with a velvety, soft and aroma of vegetables, flowers and fruit and a pleasant balsamic aftertaste. If it is instead cultivated vines in places where the climate is characterized by significant temperature ranges, it will get a wine with fruity flavors and only the strong and notable body and astringency. In both cases it's possible to have a wine with even more pronounced organoleptic properties, aging it in wooden barrels.