This red grape variety is of French origin, in particular o Bordeaux, and more specifically, the Médoc. Its name derives from raids carried out by "merlotto" (the young blackbird), fond of its sweet grapes. It was already a famed vine at the end of 1700 and the first historical information of its cultivation in Italy dates back to the second half of the nineteenth century, as evidenced by the ampelographic collection of the School of Viticulture and Enology of Conegliano, dated about 1880. From there it spread to Veneto and Trentino Alto Adige, regions in which he found very favorable environmental conditions, and later in Sicily and in Tuscany. It itsconsidered one of the greatest international noble grape varieties and cultivation extended in all the winegrowing countries of the world: from its area of origin, Bordeaux, where is an essential part in the assembly of the great wines of the area with his big brother Cabernet Sauvignon and gives rise to the great Saint-Emilion and Pomerol. Merloot grape has medium leaf, pentagonal, three-lobed or five-lobed, with higher glabra, light green, matt; cluster of medium-sized and compact, pyramidal, winged, with one or two wings; medium berry, spherical, smooth, with waxy skin, large and blue-black. It reaches full maturity between late September and early October. Merlot is more comfortable in cooler climates, while struggling in those too hot where its high acidity does not find favorable results in wine. It is favored by cool places land on hills, wet even in summer. It is bred with cordon and Guyot to favor shading of fruits and maintaining the right humidity not to lower the fixed acidity. The Merlot gives to structure, softness and a good acid balance to wine, with fruity products and bouquet of plums and berries.