Can be considered one of the greatest white grape varieties in the world. Born in Burgundy, from where it spread gradually across the world since the late nineteenth century. Long confused with Pinot Bianco, genetic research has shown that it is a cross, which occurred spontaneously perhaps Carolingian period, between Pinot Noir and Gouais blanc, a grape of Slavic origin of great vigor, used to "cut" many wines. Its name comes from Chardonnay, the namesake country Mâconnais in Burgundy. It is now spread over most of the globe and is so popular that it has virtually synonymous. He has an incredible variety of aromatic components emerging in different ways depending on the soil and climates where it is grown. Even with relatively high yields, can produce good quality wines. If it exceed, however, the 80 ql. / Ha, there is a significant qualitative fall, whereas if severely reduce yields, produces wines of the highest caliber. Its only weakness is in the early sprouting, with risk in cold areas like Chablis and Champagne, of spring frosts. The thin skin of the berries can promote rot. The crucial moment is the harvest which, if extended, gives wines with acidity too low. Its leaf is of medium size, full, wavy and smooth; cluster medium-small, compact, conical-cylindrical shape, with two wings sometimes not very prominent; small grape, spheroid, with thin skin and waxy, yellow-green color. Mature in the second half of August. It is the essential ingredient of the best sparkling wines of the world; has great aging potential. The cuttings of Chardonnay are sought all over the world, resulting in the smuggling of the same at the hands of ambitious producers. Currently we produce great wines with this grape in a variety of locations on the planet: New Zealand, Israel, Australia, California, Chile, Argentina etc. Italy has a long tradition, especially in the subalpine belt, in the cultivation of this grapes;it is cultivated in almost all regions, but especially in Sicily, where he found a direct antagonist: Catarratto, Trentino Alto Adige (in Franciacorta, blended to produce sparkling wines), Veneto and Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Piedmont with Alta Langa DOCG. In France, where it has spread everywhere, is used alone to produce the Burgundy and, in blends, for the production of Champagne. Is an essential ingredient of the best sparkling wines of the world; has great aging potential, from Chardonnay grapes you can get still wines, sparkling or sparkling wines with high alcohol content and acidity rather high. The color of the wine is pale yellow not particularly load, the scent, characteristic, is delicate and fruity (tropical fruit, pineapple, in particular), the flavor elegant and harmonious. If aged takes notes of dried fruit. It is particularly suitable for aging in barrels.